Black and Tan Coonhound.jpg
Breed Group Group 7: Scenthounds and Related Breeds
Sub-group 7-A: Large Scenthounds
Origin Country United States
Weight Males: 50-75 pounds. Females: 40-65 pounds.
Height Males: 23-27 inches. Females: 21-26 inches.
Other Name(s) American Black And Tan Coonhound
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD
meet the...

Black and Tan Coonhound

Breed Group Group 7: Scenthounds and Related Breeds
Sub-group 7-A: Large Scenthounds
Origin Country United States
Weight Males: 50-75 pounds. Females: 40-65 pounds.
Height Males: 23-27 inches. Females: 21-26 inches.
Other Name(s) American Black And Tan Coonhound
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD

Origins

The Black and Tan Coonhound is one of several breeds developed in the Southeastern United States. Its ancestors are the old-type Virginia Hounds, which were later developed into Trigg and Walker dogs, as well as American Foxhounds and the Bloodhound. With the pursuit of raccoons (or coons) in mind, hunters needed a dog that could trail by scent alone, since the quarry is nocturnal. Therefore, this is not a breed built for speed and agility, but a dog built for persistence and endurance. He is somewhat more substantial than other hounds, a trait gained from his Bloodhound lineage.

These dogs were used for centuries for raccoon hunting, but they also adapt readily to other quarry, such as bear and deer. They were first recognized as a breed over 100 years ago in 1900, originally named the American Black and Tan Fox and Coonhound. Because of their handsome build and easy-going temperament, it is no surprise that show fanciers took a liking to the breed. Today, two types of Black and Tan Coonhounds are universally recognized: the show type, which tend to be larger and more exaggerated in appearance, and the field type, which is slightly lighter, less exaggerated, and retains the breed’s dogged persistence and desire to trail.

CKC recognizes two types of the Black and Tan Coonhound breed: the Bench/Show type and the Field type.

Breed Characteristics

Head: BENCH/SHOW: Somewhat elongated and substantial, ranging from an elongated mesaticephalic to a fairly broad dolichocephalic skull type. Always in proportion to the rest of the body. The back skull is fairly broad, giving the head sufficient breadth and substance, preventing a long, narrow appearance. It is shaped like a broad oval when viewed from above, and it may be slightly arched, giving a somewhat domed plane when viewed from the front or in profile. The head is, overall, somewhat chiseled and fairly clean-cut, without excess skin, wrinkle, or folds.
FIELD: Somewhat elongated mesaticephalic to somewhat dolichocephalic skull type, it is in proportion to the rest of the body. The topskull is fairly broad, giving the skull some breadth, but may be somewhat longer. It may be slightly arched to rather flat between the ears. The head exhibits good substance in the form of padding and muscle throughout, without appearing coarse and bulky. The head is clean-cut and without excess skin, wrinkle, or folds.
Eyes: Moderate in size, oval, open almond, lemon, or diamond in shape, and amber, hazel, or medium to dark brown in color. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes. Any signs of entropion or ectropion are incorrect for this breed.
Ears: BENCH/SHOW: Fairly long in length, set well-back and somewhat low on the skull, with the base of the ears being level with the eyes. They are pendant and may hang flat or rolled/folded—both types of ears should be held close to the head. They should extend to the point of the nose, but not well beyond.
FIELD:
May appear as in the show type or may be moderate to fairly long in length, set somewhat back and slightly low on the skull, with the base falling between the plane of the skull and eye level. They are drop or pendant, and may hang flat or rolled/folded, both types of ears should be held close to the head. They should extend to approximately the point of the nose, but never well-beyond. They may be mobile and lifted to level with the plane when alert.
Muzzle: BENCH/SHOW: The muzzle is full, deep, broad, and rectangular throughout. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight and level. Upper and lower jaws are well-developed, approximately equal in length, and have good bone substance, never appearing snipy or weak.
FIELD: The muzzle is full, deep, broad, and rectangular throughout, or with just a slight (almost imperceptible) taper toward the end of the muzzle. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight and level. Upper and lower jaws are well-developed, approximately equal in length, have good bone substance, never snipy or weak.
Nose: The nose is well-pigmented and black. The nostrils are well-opened.
Neck: Moderate length allows for good head carriage and movement. It is powerfully muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is fairly clean-cut. Slightly loose skin at the throat is permissible, without excess skin folds, heavy throatiness, or pendulous dewlap.
Chest: Deep and broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows.
Body: Deep and substantial, never cloddy or racy. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Feet: Oval to round and compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads.
Tail: May be set low, or neither high nor low on the croup, but as a natural extension of the topline. It is thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. The tail is carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, often well-up to approximately a right angle with the topline, and it may be lowered to a neutral position when relaxed (never tucked). The tail is of a moderate length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. The tail may be straight or gently curved.
Movement: Smooth, easy, effortless, efficient, and steady, the characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.
Temperament: BENCH/SHOW: Even-tempered and sociable, the show type is less active and driven than their field brethren.
FIELD: The field variety is confident, active, fast, and even-tempered, yet eager for the trail. Primarily raised and hunted in a pack, these dogs are known to be very sociable with other dogs. Their trailing instincts and drives are exceptionally high, and, if not allowed to exercise their senses and drive, they can get into trouble. They are independent thinkers, doggedly persistent to the point of stubbornness when on a trail and in other tasks. They are known to be somewhat reserved or indifferent toward strangers, but affectionate and loyal towards family. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.
Click Here to View Full Standard

Breed Standard

BREED GROUP 7: Scenthounds and Related Breeds

Proportions: Somewhat off-square to just slightly rectangular, with length of the body, measured from the point of the forechest to the point of the rump, being just slightly greater than the height at the withers. The length-to-height ratio is between 5:4 and 10:9. The point of the shoulder to the rump is equal in length to the distance from the withers to the ground. Females may be slightly longer. The body is well-put together, featuring good substance and moderate (but strong) bone. Although the Black and Tan Coonhound is on the larger size of the scenting hounds, it should never appear heavy, cloddy, or as substantial as a Bloodhound. It should not appear leggy or racy. Males should appear masculine, being more substantial in size and mass, while females should appear more feminine and slightly less substantial. Neither should lack overall type.

BENCH/SHOW: Tends to be on the larger end of the size and substance spectrum, being heavier in muscle and bone, but should never be cloddy or substantial, as in that of a bloodhound.
FIELD: Tends to be somewhat lighter in bone and substance; however, it should never appear light and racy like that of a sighthound.

Head

General Appearance: BENCH/SHOW: Somewhat elongated and substantial, ranging from an elongated mesaticephalic to a fairly broad dolichocephalic skull type. Always in proportion to the rest of the body. The back skull is fairly broad, giving the head sufficient breadth and substance, preventing a long, narrow appearance. It is shaped like a broad oval when viewed from above, and it may be slightly arched, giving a somewhat domed plane when viewed from the front or in profile. The head is, overall, somewhat chiseled and fairly clean-cut, without excess skin, wrinkle, or folds.
FIELD: Somewhat elongated mesaticephalic to somewhat dolichocephalic skull type, it is in proportion to the rest of the body. The topskull is fairly broad, giving the skull some breadth, but may be somewhat longer. It may be slightly arched to rather flat between the ears. The head exhibits good substance in the form of padding and muscle throughout, without appearing coarse and bulky. The head is clean-cut and without excess skin, wrinkle, or folds.
Expression: Somewhat stately, like a southern gentleman. Alert, eager, and friendly.
Stop: The stop is slight to moderate, but easily distinguishable.
Skull: BENCH/SHOW:
The ideal muzzle-to-skull ratio is 1:1, with the long plane of the topskull being equal to the long plane of the muzzle.
The ideal muzzle-to-skull axis is parallel.
FIELD:
The ideal muzzle-to-skull ratio is between 1:1 and 5:4, with the topskull being equal to, or just longer than the muzzle.
The ideal muzzle-to-skull axis may be parallel, slightly convergent, or just slightly divergent.
Muzzle: BENCH/SHOW: The muzzle is full, deep, broad, and rectangular throughout. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight and level. Upper and lower jaws are well-developed, approximately equal in length, and have good bone substance, never appearing snipy or weak.
FIELD: The muzzle is full, deep, broad, and rectangular throughout, or with just a slight (almost imperceptible) taper toward the end of the muzzle. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight and level. Upper and lower jaws are well-developed, approximately equal in length, have good bone substance, never snipy or weak.
Lips or Flews: BENCH/SHOW: The lips are somewhat clean and fit well over the teeth and jaws. The upper lip should extend to just cover the lower jaw, without protruding well-below it or appearing pendulous and “wet.”
FIELD: Lips may be fairly clean and fit somewhat tightly over the teeth and jaws, giving the muzzle a very slight taper, or they may appear somewhat clean and fit well over the teeth and jaws. The upper lip should extend to just cover the lower jaw, without protruding well-below it or appearing pendulous and “wet.”
Nose: The nose is well-pigmented and black. The nostrils are well-opened.
Cheeks: BENCH/SHOW: Flat and smooth, never bulky or coarse.
FIELD: The cheeks may appear flat and smooth, or some padding of the cheeks may be present to denote strength.
Dentition and Bite: : Forty-two strong, clean, white teeth. Bite may be level, scissor, or reverse-scissor. Contact must be made between the top and bottom incisors. Missing or broken teeth as a result of routine work is not to be penalized.
Eyes: Moderate in size, oval, open almond, lemon, or diamond in shape, and amber, hazel, or medium to dark brown in color. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes. Any signs of entropion or ectropion are incorrect for this breed.
Ears: BENCH/SHOW: Fairly long in length, set well-back and somewhat low on the skull, with the base of the ears being level with the eyes. They are pendant and may hang flat or rolled/folded—both types of ears should be held close to the head. They should extend to the point of the nose, but not well beyond.
FIELD:
May appear as in the show type or may be moderate to fairly long in length, set somewhat back and slightly low on the skull, with the base falling between the plane of the skull and eye level. They are drop or pendant, and may hang flat or rolled/folded, both types of ears should be held close to the head. They should extend to approximately the point of the nose, but never well-beyond. They may be mobile and lifted to level with the plane when alert.

Body and Tail

General Description: Deep and substantial, never cloddy or racy. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Neck: Moderate length allows for good head carriage and movement. It is powerfully muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is fairly clean-cut. Slightly loose skin at the throat is permissible, without excess skin folds, heavy throatiness, or pendulous dewlap.
Chest: Long, well-sprung, well-laid-back, and oval-shaped, never barrel-chested or slab-sided.
Topline: BENCH/SHOW: Level from withers to croup. The back is short, broad, strongly muscled, and straight, yet supple. The loin is taut, flat and level, or slightly arched, yet supportive. The back is never elongated, swayed, or roached.
FIELD: Level from slightly prominent withers to croup. The back is broad, strongly muscled, and straight, yet supple. The loin is taut, flat and level or slightly arched, yet supportive. The back is never swayed or roached.
Croup: Broad and gently sloped.
Underline: Slight to moderate tuck-up present. The underline is taut and firm, without any indication of sagging or excess weight.
Tail: May be set low, or neither high nor low on the croup, but as a natural extension of the topline. It is thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. The tail is carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, often well-up to approximately a right angle with the topline, and it may be lowered to a neutral position when relaxed (never tucked). The tail is of a moderate length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. The tail may be straight or gently curved.

Forequarters and Hindquarters

Forequarters: Forequarters are always in balance with the hindquarters. Forequarters are well-angulated and feature well-laid-back shoulder blades. Shoulder blades are long and approximately equal in length to the upper arm and forearm.
Elbows: Elbows are close to the body. The point of the elbows is approximately half the dog’s height at the withers.
Forelegs: Frontal View: Straight, of good muscle, of moderate (yet sturdy) bone, and parallel to one another.
Side View: The forelimbs appear straight with strong pasterns.
Pasterns: Never weak or broken.
Hindquarters: Upper thigh and lower thigh are long, equal in length, strong, of moderate (yet sturdy) bone, and well-muscled.
Rear View: When viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another.
Side View: Good angulation will allow the rear toes to align with the point of the rump or within one to two paw-lengths behind the point of the rump, with the rear pasterns remaining perpendicular to the ground and parallel to one another.
Stifle Joint: Well-angulated with a good bend to well-let-down rear pasterns.
Angulations: Angulation of hindquarters is always in balance with angulation of forequarters.
Feet: Oval to round and compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads.

Coat

Skin: Well-fitted, yet supple. The skin should never obstruct the outline of the dog.
Coat Type: Protective, dense, short, close, smooth, and fine.
Coat Color or Pattern: Jet black with tan to dark mahogany points. Tan points are clearly defined and located at the traditional pointed locations: above the eyes, on either sides of the muzzle, on the chest, on the lower legs, on the inner portion of the legs, and on the vent area. Pencil shadings on the tan points are equally permissible. Small amounts of white on the chest or toes are permissible.

Movement

Smooth, easy, effortless, efficient, and steady, the characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament

BENCH/SHOW: Even-tempered and sociable, the show type is less active and driven than their field brethren. FIELD: The field variety is confident, active, fast, and even-tempered, yet eager for the trail. Primarily raised and hunted in a pack, these dogs are known to be very sociable with other dogs. Their trailing instincts and drives are exceptionally high, and, if not allowed to exercise their senses and drive, they can get into trouble. They are independent thinkers, doggedly persistent to the point of stubbornness when on a trail and in other tasks. They are known to be somewhat reserved or indifferent toward strangers, but affectionate and loyal towards family. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.

Faults

All dogs should be in proper healthy condition, free from disease or defect. Any departure from this description is considered a fault. Unless altered, all male dogs should have two fully descended testicles.