AUSTRALIAN KELPIE.jpg
Breed Group Group 10: Pastoral and Stock Dog Breeds
Sub-group :
Origin Country Australia
Weight Males: 33-50 pounds. Females: 33-50 pounds.
Height Males: 18-20 inches. Females: 17-19 inches.
Other Name(s) Barb, Kelpie
Breed Type Pure
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Australian Kelpie

Breed Group Group 10: Pastoral and Stock Dog Breeds
Sub-group :
Origin Country Australia
Weight Males: 33-50 pounds. Females: 33-50 pounds.
Height Males: 18-20 inches. Females: 17-19 inches.
Other Name(s) Barb, Kelpie
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD

Origins

The Australian Kelpie breed originated from a pair of Scottish herding dogs brought to Australia in the 1870s. One dog was bred to an Australian herding dog named Kelpie, and one of the resulting pups that resembled the dam was named Kelpie II. Kelpie II proved to be an outstanding working dog, winning one of the top spots of the sheepdog trials in New South Wales. Her pups and descendants would be known as Kelpie Dogs, and, thus, the dogs found a name.

Breed Characteristics

Head: Mesaticephalic skull type, moderate in size, and somewhat foxlike, being shaped like a wedge in profile or from above. It is always in proportion to the rest of the body. The topskull is fairly broad, being as broad (measured from one side to the other, right in front of the ears) as it is wide (from occiput to stop). The topskull is just slightly arched between the ears. The head sufficiently muscled throughout, giving the impression of capability without bulk. The head is clean-cut without excess skin or wrinkle.
Eyes: Moderate in size, oval to almond in shape, and gray, amber, hazel, or medium to dark brown in color, all according to the coat. Eyes may be lighter in nonstandard color varieties. The eye rims are well fitted and well pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes.
Ears: The ears are moderate in size, with smaller ears preferred to larger ears. They are thick leathered, triangular, held firmly pricked, and pointed. They should be set fairly high on the skull. The ears are never long, overly large, or broken.
Muzzle: The muzzle is medium in length, broad, strong, well-developed, and slightly tapering to form a wedge-shape. Upper and lower jaws have good bone substance. Upper and lower jaws are strong and well developed, never appearing snipy or weak.
Nose: The nose is well pigmented according to the coat. The nostrils are well opened.
Neck: Moderate length to allow for excellent range of motion, strongly muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut and without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Deep and broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows.
Body: Compact, solid, and of good substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Feet: Oval to round, compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads.
Tail: Set somewhat low on the croup, thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. Carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, usually in a relaxed neutral position, but never tucked or carried up over the back. Tail is of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. The tail may be straight or gently curved.
Movement: The action is energetic, powerful, agile, tireless, effortless, and efficient. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.
Temperament: They are eager to please, highly alert, energetic, independent-minded, and extremely intelligent. Once a Kelpie understands his job, he becomes somewhat of a perfectionist with it. All of these traits make for an excellent working dog, but not always an ideal companion dog. If provided with an abundance of training and exercise, the Kelpie can make a wonderful companion dog. However, if not permitted to use his natural talents and exercise his high energy, behavioral issues can arise. For this reason, it is recommended that these dogs go to working farm and ranches, or active families. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.
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Breed Standard

BREED GROUP 10: Pastoral and Stock Dog Breeds

Proportions: The Australian Kelpie is a slightly off-square breed, with the length of the body measured from the point of the chest to the point of the rump being just greater than the height at the withers. The ideal body-length-to-height ratio is between 5:4 and 10:9. Females may be slightly longer. The body is well put together. The general appearance should give an impression of ruggedness, agility, and endurance. The Kelpie’s substance is sturdy and medium yet slightly refined boned.

Head

General Appearance: Mesaticephalic skull type, moderate in size, and somewhat foxlike, being shaped like a wedge in profile or from above. It is always in proportion to the rest of the body. The topskull is fairly broad, being as broad (measured from one side to the other, right in front of the ears) as it is wide (from occiput to stop). The topskull is just slightly arched between the ears. The head sufficiently muscled throughout, giving the impression of capability without bulk. The head is clean-cut without excess skin or wrinkle.
Expression: Alert, eager, watchful, intelligent.
Stop: Pronounced.
Skull: The ideal muzzle-to-skull ratio is 5:4, with the topskull being just greater in length than the muzzle.
The ideal muzzle-to-skull axis is parallel.
Muzzle: The muzzle is medium in length, broad, strong, well-developed, and slightly tapering to form a wedge-shape. Upper and lower jaws have good bone substance. Upper and lower jaws are strong and well developed, never appearing snipy or weak.
Lips or Flews: Lips are clean and fit tightly over the teeth and jaws.
Nose: The nose is well pigmented according to the coat. The nostrils are well opened.
Cheeks: Muscular, yet never protrusive or bulky. They are also never chiseled. Some padding of the cheek is present.
Dentition and Bite: Forty-two strong, clean, white teeth. Bite may be level or scissor. Contact must be made between the top and bottom incisors. Missing or broken teeth as a result of routine work is not to be penalized.
Eyes: Moderate in size, oval to almond in shape, and gray, amber, hazel, or medium to dark brown in color, all according to the coat. Eyes may be lighter in nonstandard color varieties. The eye rims are well fitted and well pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes.
Ears: The ears are moderate in size, with smaller ears preferred to larger ears. They are thick leathered, triangular, held firmly pricked, and pointed. They should be set fairly high on the skull. The ears are never long, overly large, or broken.

Body and Tail

General Description: Compact, solid, and of good substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Neck: Moderate length to allow for excellent range of motion, strongly muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut and without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Deep and broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows.
Topline: Level from slightly prominent withers to croup. The back is broad, strongly muscled, and straight, yet supple. The loin is taut and level with the back. The topline is never swayed or roached.
Croup: Somewhat long and gently sloped.
Underline: Slight tuck-up is present. The underline is taut and firm, without any indication of sagging or excess weight.
Ribs: Long, well-sprung, well-laid-back, and oval-shaped, never barrel-chested or slab-sided.
Tail: Set somewhat low on the croup, thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. Carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, usually in a relaxed neutral position, but never tucked or carried up over the back. Tail is of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. The tail may be straight or gently curved.

Forequarters and Hindquarters

Forequarters: Forequarters are always in balance with the hindquarters. Forequarters are well-angulated with well-laid-back shoulder blades. Shoulder blades are long and approximately equal in length to the upper arm and forearm.
Elbows: Elbows are close to the body. The point of the elbows is approximately half the dog’s height at the withers.
Forelegs: Frontal View: Straight, of good muscle and medium, yet slightly refined bone, and parallel to one another.
Side View: The forelimbs appear straight with strong pasterns.
Pasterns: Never weak or broken.
Hindquarters: Upper thigh and lower thigh are fairly long, equal in length, strong, sturdy, of medium, yet slightly refined bone, and well-muscled.
Rear View: When viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another.
Side View: Good angulation will allow the rear toes to align with the point of the rump or within one paw-length behind the point of the rump, with the rear pasterns remaining perpendicular to the ground and parallel to one another.
Stifle Joint: Well-angulated with a good bend to well-let-down rear pasterns.
Angulations: Angulation of hindquarters is always in balance with angulation of forequarters.
Feet: Oval to round, compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads.

Coat

Skin: Well-fitted, yet supple. The skin should never obstruct the outline of the dog.
Coat Type: Weather-resistant, straight, smooth, flat-lying outer coat, short, dense, soft undercoat. Longer and thicker on neck, under the body and behind legs with mild breeches. Short and close on head, face, front of legs, and on feet. 1.5-2.5 inches in length.
Coat Color or Pattern: Black, liver, red liver, blue, gray, all with or without tan points. All with or without minimal white to white trim markings.

Movement

The action is energetic, powerful, agile, tireless, effortless, and efficient. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament

They are eager to please, highly alert, energetic, independent-minded, and extremely intelligent. Once a Kelpie understands his job, he becomes somewhat of a perfectionist with it. All of these traits make for an excellent working dog, but not always an ideal companion dog. If provided with an abundance of training and exercise, the Kelpie can make a wonderful companion dog. However, if not permitted to use his natural talents and exercise his high energy, behavioral issues can arise. For this reason, it is recommended that these dogs go to working farm and ranches, or active families. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.

Faults

All dogs should be in proper healthy condition, free from disease or defect. Any departure from this description is considered a fault. Unless altered, all male dogs should have two fully descended testicles.