Appenzeller Sennenhund.jpg
Breed Group Group 9: Large Guardian Pastoral/Mountain Dogs
Sub-group 9-B: Large Pastoral/Mountain Dogs and Related Breeds
Origin Country Switzerland
Weight Males: 0-0 pounds. Females: 0-0 pounds.
Height Males: 0-0 inches. Females: 0-0 inches.
Other Name(s) Appenzell Cattle Dog, Appenzell Mountain Dog, Appenzella
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD
meet the...

Appenzeller Sennenhund

Breed Group Group 9: Large Guardian Pastoral/Mountain Dogs
Sub-group 9-B: Large Pastoral/Mountain Dogs and Related Breeds
Origin Country Switzerland
Weight Males: 0-0 pounds. Females: 0-0 pounds.
Height Males: 0-0 inches. Females: 0-0 inches.
Other Name(s) Appenzell Cattle Dog, Appenzell Mountain Dog, Appenzella
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD

Origins

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a descendant from Mastiff-type dogs used in Roman armies, dating back 2000 years. He is the oldest and the largest of the four Swiss Mountain Dog breeds, which include the Bernese Mountain Dog, Entlebucher Mountain Dog, and the Appenzeller Sennenhund. They were bred to be guardians, draft dogs, and driving cattle dogs. This breed almost became extinct in the late 1900s, until two specimens were presented to Dr. Albert Heim, who recognized the breed and had it entered into the Swiss Cynological Society (Schweizerischen Kynologischen Gesellschaft) in 1909. The first standard was published by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1939. Today these dogs are bred mostly for companionship because of their reliable, calm temperament, but they were also respected for their guarding abilities.

Breed Characteristics

Head: Somewhat mesaticephalic skull type, moderate in size, slightly wedge-shaped, and in proportion to the rest of the body. The topskull is rather flat, whether viewed in profile or from the front. It is broad, being broadest between set of ears and slightly tapering towards muzzle. The head, overall, tapers from the broad backskull toward the eyes, and again toward the end of the muzzle. The occiput is barely visible. A median furrow starts at the stop and disappears toward the occiput. The head is clean-cut without excess skin or wrinkle.
Eyes: Somewhat medium in size, almond in shape, hazel to brown, darker pigment preferred. Outer corners may be set slightly oblique. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging, or deep set. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes. Any signs of entropion or ectropion are incorrect for this breed.
Ears: Somewhat moderate in size. Set fairly high on the skull, level with the plane of the skull and fairly well-apart, on the outer edge of the topskull. Triangular in shape with tips slightly rounded. The ears are drop, hanging with the inner edges and tips close to the head when resting. Ears are held slightly forward when alert. The ears are never long, overly large, or fully erect.
Muzzle: The muzzle is straight, blunt, and longer than its depth. Set off from slightly pronounced cheeks. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight and level. It tapers slightly from the broad base toward the nose, but not pointed. Upper and lower jaws are well-developed, approximately equal in length, and have good bone substance, never appearing snipy or weak.
Nose: The nose is well-pigmented and black. The nostrils are well-opened.
Neck: Moderate in length to allow for good head carriage, it is strongly muscled and rather thick. The neck tapers just slightly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut and without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Deep and broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows. Rather well-developed forechest, protruding breastbone not overly prominent. Depth of chest to height of dog at withers is about 1:2.
Body: Slightly elongated, but never excessively so. Solid and of good substance, the body is never heavy and cloddy. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Feet: Feet are round with well-arched toes and coarse pads. Dewclaws may or may not be present.
Tail: Continuation of the croup, reaching the hocks, and fairly heavy. It is thick from root to tip, but slightly tapers at the end. The tail is carried straight or gently curved in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, but never tucked. The tail is of a moderate length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. When in movement the tail is carried elevated, with a slight curve, but never over the topline.
Movement: Powerful drive from hindquarters with a good reach in forequarters, as pace increases single tracking may be seen. Limbs move in a straight line while trotting. The movement is energetic, efficient, and effortless. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.
Temperament: The Greater Swiss is confident, being neither shy nor aggressive, with an active, lively, determined demeanor. He is good-natured and loyal to familiar people, while also being generally friendly towards welcomed strangers. He is very intelligent and capable of learning many commands and tricks, with proper motivation. However, he is most responsive to his owner. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.
Click Here to View Full Standard

Breed Standard

BREED GROUP 9: Large Guardian Pastoral/Mountain Dogs

Proportions: Great Swiss Mountain Dog, Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund, Great Swiss Cattle Dog, Bouvier Suisse, Large Swiss Mountain Dog

Head

General Appearance: Somewhat mesaticephalic skull type, moderate in size, slightly wedge-shaped, and in proportion to the rest of the body. The topskull is rather flat, whether viewed in profile or from the front. It is broad, being broadest between set of ears and slightly tapering towards muzzle. The head, overall, tapers from the broad backskull toward the eyes, and again toward the end of the muzzle. The occiput is barely visible. A median furrow starts at the stop and disappears toward the occiput. The head is clean-cut without excess skin or wrinkle.
Expression: Animated and gentle, but alert.
Stop: The stop is slight, never exaggerated or abrupt.
Skull: The ideal muzzle-to-skull ratio is approximately 1:1, with the topskull being equal to the muzzle.
The ideal muzzle-to-skull axis is more or less parallel.
Muzzle: The muzzle is straight, blunt, and longer than its depth. Set off from slightly pronounced cheeks. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight and level. It tapers slightly from the broad base toward the nose, but not pointed. Upper and lower jaws are well-developed, approximately equal in length, and have good bone substance, never appearing snipy or weak.
Lips or Flews: Lips are clean and fit rather tightly over the teeth and jaws. They are well-pigmented. The lips should never extend beyond the lower plane of the bottom jawline. The corners of the lips should not appear “wet” or loose.
Nose: The nose is well-pigmented and black. The nostrils are well-opened.
Cheeks: The cheeks are smoothly muscled, with slight padding, and barely/slightly pronounced. The cheeks should not appear chiseled or coarse.
Dentition and Bite: Forty-two strong, clean, white teeth preferred. Upper and lower teeth meet in a scissor bite. Contact must be made between the top and bottom incisors. Missing or broken teeth as a result of routine work is not to be penalized.
Eyes: Somewhat medium in size, almond in shape, hazel to brown, darker pigment preferred. Outer corners may be set slightly oblique. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging, or deep set. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes. Any signs of entropion or ectropion are incorrect for this breed.
Ears: Somewhat moderate in size. Set fairly high on the skull, level with the plane of the skull and fairly well-apart, on the outer edge of the topskull. Triangular in shape with tips slightly rounded. The ears are drop, hanging with the inner edges and tips close to the head when resting. Ears are held slightly forward when alert. The ears are never long, overly large, or fully erect.

Body and Tail

General Description: Slightly elongated, but never excessively so. Solid and of good substance, the body is never heavy and cloddy. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Neck: Moderate in length to allow for good head carriage, it is strongly muscled and rather thick. The neck tapers just slightly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut and without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Deep and broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows. Rather well-developed forechest, protruding breastbone not overly prominent. Depth of chest to height of dog at withers is about 1:2.
Topline: Sturdy and level from withers to croup. The back is of a good length, broad, strongly muscled, and straight,
yet supple. The loin is well muscled and broad. The back is never swayed or roached.
Croup: Slightly sloping and relatively long and broad.
Underline: Rather slight tuck-up present. The underline is taut and firm, without any indication of sagging or excess weight.
Ribs: Well-sprung, well-laid-back, and moderately round-shaped, never barrel-chested or slab-sided.
Tail: Continuation of the croup, reaching the hocks, and fairly heavy. It is thick from root to tip, but slightly tapers at the end. The tail is carried straight or gently curved in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, but never tucked. The tail is of a moderate length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. When in movement the tail is carried elevated, with a slight curve, but never over the topline.

Forequarters and Hindquarters

Forequarters: Forequarters are always in balance with the hindquarters, strongly muscled but not in excess, never loose. Forequarters are moderately-angulated with well-laid-back shoulder blades. Shoulder blades are fairly long and sloping, approximately equal in length or slightly shorter, to the upper arm and forearm.
Elbows: Elbows are close to the body, angle of shoulder blade forming a right angle, or as much as possible. Elbows do not turn in or out.
Forelegs: Forelegs are straight and sturdy, parallel and placed well under the body. They should not be too wide or too close.
Frontal View: Straight, of good muscle, moderate, yet strong bone, and parallel to one another.
Side View: The forelimbs appear straight with strong pasterns.
Pasterns: Never weak or broken, seen in frontal view as a continuation of the forearm. At a side view they are relatively flat and slightly angulated.
Hindquarters: Upper thigh is fairly long and broad. Lower thigh is approximately equal in length, with strong bone, and well-muscled.
Rear View: When viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another.
Side View: Good angulation will allow the rear toes to align with the point of the rump or within one to two paw-lengths behind the point of the rump, with the rear pasterns remaining perpendicular to the ground and parallel to one another.
Stifle Joint: Well-angulated with a good bend to well-let-down rear pasterns, turns neither in nor out.
Angulations: Angulation of hindquarters is always in balance with angulation of forequarters.
Feet: Feet are round with well-arched toes and coarse pads. Dewclaws may or may not be present.

Coat

Skin: Double coat that is close fitting and firm. Topcoat is relatively short to medium in length, harsh, and shiny; undercoat is thick and short. The coat should never be abundantly thick, abundantly long, or silky. A slight wave is acceptable.

Movement

Powerful drive from hindquarters with a good reach in forequarters, as pace increases single tracking may be seen. Limbs move in a straight line while trotting. The movement is energetic, efficient, and effortless. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament

The Greater Swiss is confident, being neither shy nor aggressive, with an active, lively, determined demeanor. He is good-natured and loyal to familiar people, while also being generally friendly towards welcomed strangers. He is very intelligent and capable of learning many commands and tricks, with proper motivation. However, he is most responsive to his owner. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.

Faults

All dogs should be in proper healthy condition, free from disease or defect. Any departure from this description is considered a fault. Unless altered, all male dogs should have two fully descended testicles.