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Breed Group Group 5: Pinschers and Schnauzers
Sub-group 5-B: Small Pinschers and Schnauzers
Origin Country Germany
Weight Males: 6-13 pounds. Females: 6-13 pounds.
Height Males: 9-12 inches. Females: 9-12 inches.
Other Name(s) Affen, Diablotin Moustachu, Monkey-faced dog
Breed Type Pure
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Affenpinscher

Breed Group Group 5: Pinschers and Schnauzers
Sub-group 5-B: Small Pinschers and Schnauzers
Origin Country Germany
Weight Males: 6-13 pounds. Females: 6-13 pounds.
Height Males: 9-12 inches. Females: 9-12 inches.
Other Name(s) Affen, Diablotin Moustachu, Monkey-faced dog
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD

Origins

Like many breeds that have been around for several centuries, the exact origin of the Affenpinscher is not completely known. Like all other breeds in the Pinscher and Schnauzer group, the Affenpinscher’s origins can be traced back to Germany. It is there that his ancestors were kept as housedogs, also working as tenacious ratters for centuries. These little dogs were an important part of everyday life for keeping the disease-spreading rodent and pest population in check when vaccines and modern medicine were still centuries away.

These rough-coated pinschers have been around for centuries. As predecessors of the Brussels Griffon, it is also believed that they contributed to the Miniature Schnauzer. Originally, they were larger with longer muzzles. It is thought that, at some point, pug-like dogs or ancestors of the pug were mixed in, which resulted in the somewhat brachycephalic, smaller breed that we know today as the Affenpinscher. The German word affe translates to “ape,” or “monkey.” The term “pinscher” describes the group’s manner of working, using their mouth to bite or “pinch.”

Today, these little dogs are known throughout the world. In France they are known as Diablotin Moustachu, or little moustached devil.

Breed Characteristics

Head: Somewhat brachycephalic skull-type, never completely flat in profile. The head is of a moderate size, always in proportion to the rest of the body. The skull is rounded, somewhat high, and domed rather than elongated. The forehead is pronounced. The head is clean cut without excess skin or wrinkle. It is smoothly muscled, never overly coarse or light.
Eyes: Moderate in size, full, somewhat round in shape, and dark in color. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes.
Ears: Small (preferred) to medium in size, set high, close on the skull, and v-shaped. Ears may be erect, semi-erect, drop, or mismatched. Cropped ears are also permissible. The ears are never long or overly large.
Muzzle: Shorter than the domed topskull. Upper and lower jaws have good bone substance, are strong, well developed, and never appear snipy or weak. The plane of the muzzle is straight, turned neither up, as in “snub-nosed” breeds, nor down. Nor should the muzzle be so short as to create a flat profile. The muzzle tapers just slightly to a somewhat blunt end. The lower jaw is slightly curved, allowing the lower lip to protrude just slightly in a pouting manner.
Nose: The nose is either well-pigmented and black, or self-colored (liver, or flesh-colored) according to the coat. The nostrils are well-opened.
Neck: Moderate in length to allow for proud head carriage and well-muscled. The neck tapers just slightly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut without excess skin or dewlap.
Chest: Deep, broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows or just below.
Body: Compact, solid, and good of substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Feet: Oval to round, compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads.
Tail: Set high on the croup, thick at the base, and tapering toward the tip. Carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, often high and carried gently curved over the back, never tucked. Tail may be left natural (preferred) or docked short. Natural tails are of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. Straight, saber, or sickle tails are permissible. Docked tails are cut between 1-2 inches long.
Movement: Sound, balanced, confident, energetic, effortless, efficient, and light. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither moving in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the center line of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.
Temperament: Fearless, plucky, alert, inquisitive, and confident. They are loyal and devoted to their people or family, but can become excitable and quick tempered when they feel threatened. Their devotion and ability to bond strongly to their people make them great family companions. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.
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Breed Standard

BREED GROUP 5: Pinschers and Schnauzers

Proportions: Square with length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the rump being equal to the height at the withers, or slightly off-square when measured from the point of the forechest to the point of the rump. The ideal length-to-height ratio is between 1:1 and 10:9. Females may be slightly longer. The body is well-put together, with sturdy substance and medium bone.

Head

General Appearance: Somewhat brachycephalic skull-type, never completely flat in profile. The head is of a moderate size, always in proportion to the rest of the body. The skull is rounded, somewhat high, and domed rather than elongated. The forehead is pronounced. The head is clean cut without excess skin or wrinkle. It is smoothly muscled, never overly coarse or light.
Expression: Lively, alert, charming, endearing, intent watchfulness, rather “pouty,” and simian-like.
Stop: The stop is clear and definite, forming a 90-degree angle between the topskull and muzzle.
Skull: The ideal skull-to-muzzle ratio is 1:5, with the topskull being longer than the muzzle. The length of the muzzle is ideally equal to the distance between the eyes.
The ideal skull to muzzle axis is convergent.
Muzzle: Shorter than the domed topskull. Upper and lower jaws have good bone substance, are strong, well developed, and never appear snipy or weak. The plane of the muzzle is straight, turned neither up, as in “snub-nosed” breeds, nor down. Nor should the muzzle be so short as to create a flat profile. The muzzle tapers just slightly to a somewhat blunt end. The lower jaw is slightly curved, allowing the lower lip to protrude just slightly in a pouting manner.
Lips or Flews: Lips are clean and fit tightly over the teeth and jaws. Lips meet in the front of the incisors. The top lip never covers the lower lip in the front. The lower lip is prominent, giving the Affen his characteristic “pout.”
Nose: The nose is either well-pigmented and black, or self-colored (liver, or flesh-colored) according to the coat. The nostrils are well-opened.
Cheeks: The cheeks, like the rest of the body, are smoothly muscled. The cheeks should not be chiseled or coarse.
Dentition and Bite: Forty-two strong, clean, white teeth. A reverse-scissors bite or a level bite is permissible if the correct expression is retained. The teeth and tongue must not be visible when the mouth is closed. Contact must be made between the top and bottom incisors.
Eyes: Moderate in size, full, somewhat round in shape, and dark in color. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes.
Ears: Small (preferred) to medium in size, set high, close on the skull, and v-shaped. Ears may be erect, semi-erect, drop, or mismatched. Cropped ears are also permissible. The ears are never long or overly large.

Body and Tail

General Description: Compact, solid, and good of substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Neck: Moderate in length to allow for proud head carriage and well-muscled. The neck tapers just slightly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut without excess skin or dewlap.
Chest: Long, well-sprung, well-laid-back, oval-shaped, never barrel-chested or slab-sided.
Topline: Withers are prominent. Topline is straight, and may be level or just slightly sloped from withers to croup. The back is of a moderate length, broad, strongly muscled, and straight, yet supple. The loin is short, firm, and strong. The topline is never swayed or roached.
Croup: Short, broad, and slightly sloped.
Underline: Slight tuck up may be present, or the underline may run parallel to the topline. The underline is taut and firm, without any indication of sagging or excess weight.
Tail: Set high on the croup, thick at the base, and tapering toward the tip. Carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level, often high and carried gently curved over the back, never tucked. Tail may be left natural (preferred) or docked short. Natural tails are of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. Straight, saber, or sickle tails are permissible. Docked tails are cut between 1-2 inches long.

Forequarters and Hindquarters

Forequarters: Forequarters are always in balance with the hindquarters. Forequarters are well-angulated with well-laid-back shoulder blades. Shoulder blades are of a moderately long length, and approximately equal in length to the upper arm and forearm.
Elbows: Elbows are close to the body. The distance from the withers to the brisket may be equal to, or just greater than, the distance from the elbows to the ground.
Forelegs: Frontal View: Straight, of good muscle and bone, and parallel to one another.
Side View: The forelimbs appear straight with strong pasterns.
Pasterns: Never weak or broken.
Hindquarters: Upper thigh and lower thigh are equal in length, strong, sturdy, of good bone, and well-muscled.
Rear View: When viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another.
Side View: Good angulation will allow the rear toes to align with the point of the rump, or within one to two paw-lengths behind the point of the rump, with the rear pasterns remaining perpendicular to the ground and parallel to one another.
Stifle Joint: Well-angulated with a good bend to well let-down rear pasterns.
Angulations: Angulation of hindquarters is always in balance with angulation of forequarters.
Feet: Oval to round, compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads.

Coat

Skin: Well-fitted, yet supple. The skin should never obstruct the outline of the dog.
Coat Type: The skin is closely fitted over the entire body. The coat is dense, rough, harsh, wiry, with longer and less harsh hair on the head (including eyebrows, beard, mustache, and head furnishings), neck, chest, stomach and legs; never silky, soft, with curl. Hair on the ears is cut short.
Coat Color or Pattern: CKC recognizes two color varieties of the Affenpinscher breed: the standard color and nonstandard color variety.
Standard coat color variety: Pure black with black undercoat, rusty black, grey, silver, all with or without cream, silver, tan, or red points. Belge (sable with black tips), red, tan, or beige with (referred to as fawn) or without melanistic mask. A small amount of white on the chest and toes is permissible.
Nonstandard coat color variety: Liver, with or without cream, tan, or red points.

Movement

Sound, balanced, confident, energetic, effortless, efficient, and light. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither moving in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the center line of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament

Fearless, plucky, alert, inquisitive, and confident. They are loyal and devoted to their people or family, but can become excitable and quick tempered when they feel threatened. Their devotion and ability to bond strongly to their people make them great family companions. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.

Faults

All dogs should be in proper healthy condition, free from disease or defect. Any departure from this description is considered a fault. Unless altered, all male dogs should have two fully descended testicles.