Alaskan Malamute.jpg
Breed Group Group 2: Spitz and Nordic Breeds
Sub-group 2-D: Nordic Sled Dogs
Origin Country United States
Weight Males: 85-124 pounds. Females: 75-124 pounds.
Height Males: 25-28 inches. Females: 23-26 inches.
Other Name(s) Al Mal, Malamute, Malamute De Alaska, Malamute De L'Alaska
Breed Type Pure
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Alaskan Malamute

Breed Group Group 2: Spitz and Nordic Breeds
Sub-group 2-D: Nordic Sled Dogs
Origin Country United States
Weight Males: 85-124 pounds. Females: 75-124 pounds.
Height Males: 25-28 inches. Females: 23-26 inches.
Other Name(s) Al Mal, Malamute, Malamute De Alaska, Malamute De L'Alaska
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD

Origins

Head: Wide, but in balance with body. Eyes: Small and almond shaped. Ears: Small, furry, and upright. Muzzle: Medium and tapering to a point. Nose: Black and selfcolored according to coat. Bite: Scissor or level. Neck: Strong and moderately arched. Chest: Strong and deep. Body: Strong and compact, with a straight back that slopes to hips. Legs: Forelegs should be short and straight, appearing almost vertical when viewed from the side. Hind legs should be broad and powerful, with stifles moderately bent. Feet: Large and compact, with tight-fitting and well arched toes. Tail: Large, full, and carried over back or against flank. Movement: Strong and driving, yet very agile. Temperament: Protective and aloof with strangers.

Breed Characteristics

Head: Mesaticephalic skull-type and in proportion to the rest of the body. It is broad, deep, and from above or in profile. The skull is shaped like a blunt wedge. From the front, the topskull appears somewhat rounded between the ears and narrows slightly toward the eyes. A slight median furrow starts at the stop and runs upward towards the occiput, diminishing partway. The head exhibits good bone and muscling, with cheeks and temporal muscles ranging from somewhat flat to slightly padded, without appearing heavy, bulky, or weedy. The head is clean cut without excess skin or wrinkle.
Eyes: The eyes are of medium size, set well apart, almond in shape, and set obliquely. They range in color from light brown to dark brown in all colors except reds (liver), which may also have blue or green eyes. Eye rims are well-pigmented and tightly fitted. Eyes should never appear round, large, or overly small
Ears: The ears are medium in size, but somewhat small in comparison to the rest of the head. They are thick-leathered and triangular in shape with small, slightly rounded tips. They are held firmly erect, with the tips pointing slightly forward. When relaxed, the ears tips fall between the 10 and 11 o’clock position and the one and two o’clock position. They are set far back and widely apart on the outermost edge of the skull. The lower corner of the base of the ear is level with the outer corner of the eye.

Muzzle: Just slightly shorter than the topskull, the muzzle is well-developed, somewhat prominent, deep, broad, full, and rather blocky. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight. It tapers just slightly from the base of the muzzle to the nose. The upper and lower jaws are equal in length, have good bone substance, are strong, well-developed, never appearing snipey or weak.
Nose: The nose is may be black or self-colored according to the coat, with snow noses being equally acceptable. The nostrils are well-opened
Neck: Moderate length, powerfully-muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut, without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap
Chest: Deep, broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows.
Body: Compact, solid, and good substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters
Feet: Large and snowshoe-like, oval to round, with well-arched toes and tough pads.
Tail: The tail is of a moderate length, thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. When held down, the tip of the last vertebrae should extend to the hock joints. It is set neither high nor low, but elegantly following the plane of the topline. The tail may be carried high over the back when alert, but will be carried outward or slightly above or below the level of the topline when working. The tail should never be tucked
Movement: The Malamute’s movement is steady and strong, capable of seemingly tireless enduring good movement. In addition to possessing powerful, steady movement, the Malamute is also quite agile for his size. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither moving in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the center line of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.
Temperament: The Alaskan Malamute is a gentle giant. He is affectionate, loving, and intelligent. He excels in many sports and training tasks if the proper motivation and training methods are applied. He is a social dog, being friendly toward others as well as many other pets. Although relatively watchful, he is not an ideal guard dog. Once matured, he exudes a quiet and calm confidence. Any unprovoked, aggressive, or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.
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Breed Standard

BREED GROUP 2: Spitz and Nordic Breeds

Proportions: The Alaskan Malamute is a sturdy drafting breed, with his body proportions being off-square to somewhat rectangular. The length of the body, measured from the point of the forechest to the point of the rump, being slightly greater than the height at the withers. The ideal body height to length ratio is between 10:8 and 10:9. The body is well-put together with sturdy substance and medium to somewhat heavy bone. Males should appear masculine, being more substantial in size and mass, while females should appear more feminine and slightly less substantial. Neither should lack overall type.

Head

General Appearance: Mesaticephalic skull-type and in proportion to the rest of the body. It is broad, deep, and from above or in profile. The skull is shaped like a blunt wedge. From the front, the topskull appears somewhat rounded between the ears and narrows slightly toward the eyes. A slight median furrow starts at the stop and runs upward towards the occiput, diminishing partway. The head exhibits good bone and muscling, with cheeks and temporal muscles ranging from somewhat flat to slightly padded, without appearing heavy, bulky, or weedy. The head is clean cut without excess skin or wrinkle.
Expression: Gentle, affectionate, watchful, and self-composed
Stop: The stop may range from shallow to somewhat defined
Skull: The ideal muzzle-to-skull ratio is 2:3, with the topskull being just longer than the muzzle.
The ideal muzzle-to-skull axis is convergent
Muzzle: Just slightly shorter than the topskull, the muzzle is well-developed, somewhat prominent, deep, broad, full, and rather blocky. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight. It tapers just slightly from the base of the muzzle to the nose. The upper and lower jaws are equal in length, have good bone substance, are strong, well-developed, never appearing snipey or weak.
Lips or Flews: Lips are clean and fit tightly over the teeth and jaws
Nose: The nose is may be black or self-colored according to the coat, with snow noses being equally acceptable. The nostrils are well-opened
Cheeks: Cheeks are smooth to padded, denoting strength. The cheeks should not appear chiseled or coarse.
Dentition and Bite: Forty-two strong, clean, white teeth. Bite may be level, scissor, or reverse-scissor bite permissible. Contact must be made between the top and bottom incisors.
Eyes: The eyes are of medium size, set well apart, almond in shape, and set obliquely. They range in color from light brown to dark brown in all colors except reds (liver), which may also have blue or green eyes. Eye rims are well-pigmented and tightly fitted. Eyes should never appear round, large, or overly small
Ears: The ears are medium in size, but somewhat small in comparison to the rest of the head. They are thick-leathered and triangular in shape with small, slightly rounded tips. They are held firmly erect, with the tips pointing slightly forward. When relaxed, the ears tips fall between the 10 and 11 o’clock position and the one and two o’clock position. They are set far back and widely apart on the outermost edge of the skull. The lower corner of the base of the ear is level with the outer corner of the eye.

Body and Tail

General Description: Compact, solid, and good substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters
Neck: Moderate length, powerfully-muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut, without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap
Chest: Long, well-sprung, well-laid back, oval-shaped, never barrel-chested or slab-sided
Topline: May be level from, or almost imperceptibly sloped from, slightly prominent withers to croup. The back is broad, strongly muscled, and straight, yet supple. The loin is taut, level with the back, and supportive. It should not be overly long. The topline is never swayed or roached.

Croup: Broad and gently sloped.

Underline: Slight tuck up may be present. The underline runs parallel to the topline. The underline is taut and firm, without any indication of sagging or excess weight.
Tail: The tail is of a moderate length, thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. When held down, the tip of the last vertebrae should extend to the hock joints. It is set neither high nor low, but elegantly following the plane of the topline. The tail may be carried high over the back when alert, but will be carried outward or slightly above or below the level of the topline when working. The tail should never be tucked

Forequarters and Hindquarters

Forequarters: Forequarters are always in balance with the hindquarters. Forequarters are well-angulated with well-laid-back shoulder blades. Shoulder blades are approximately equal in length to the upper arm and forearm.
Elbows: Elbows are close to the body. The point of the elbows is approximately half the dog’s height at the withers.
Forelegs: Frontal View: Straight, of good muscle and bone, and parallel to one another.
Side View: The forelimbs appear straight with strong pasterns.

Pasterns: Never weak or broken.

Hindquarters: Upper thigh and lower thigh are equal in length, strong, sturdy, of good bone, and well-muscled.
Rear View: When viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another.
Side View: Good angulation will allow the rear toes to align with the point of the rump, or within one to two paw-lengths behind the point of the rump, with the rear pasterns remaining perpendicular to the ground and parallel to one another.
Stifle Joint: Well-angulated with a good bend to well-let-down rear pasterns
Angulations: Angulation of hindquarters is always in balance with angulation of forequarters
Feet: Large and snowshoe-like, oval to round, with well-arched toes and tough pads.

Coat

Skin: Well-fitted, yet supple. The skin should never obstruct the outline of the dog.
Coat Type: The Alaskan Malamute comes in two coat varieties; the standard coat and the long coat.
Standard coat variety: Thick, plush, coarse outer coat, short to medium length (one to two inches), it is longest on the neck, back, croup, breeches, and tail. Shorter and less thick in warmer climates. Dense, woolly, undercoat.
Long coat variety: The coat is short on the face, forehead, and front of the forelimbs and hindlimbs. It is longer than the permissible 2 inches throughout, especially on the neck, ears, rear of the front and hindlimbs, feet, and tail, forming well-developed fringe and furnishings.
Coat Color or Pattern: CKC recognizes two color varieties of the Alaskan Malamute breed: the standard and nonstandard color varieties.
Standard coat color variety: Various shades of the following: gray, black, sable, grizzle, red. May have varying colors and shades of undercoat or agouti pattern. Always with white points and underbody, or solid white. All with a solidly marked mantle pattern, and white restricted from the body. White “urajiro” points are the only white permissible. White facial masks and collars are permissible.
Non-standard coat color variety: Pied or with broken colors extending over the body, asymmetrical markings, or splashes of color.

Movement

The Malamute’s movement is steady and strong, capable of seemingly tireless enduring good movement. In addition to possessing powerful, steady movement, the Malamute is also quite agile for his size. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither moving in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the center line of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament

The Alaskan Malamute is a gentle giant. He is affectionate, loving, and intelligent. He excels in many sports and training tasks if the proper motivation and training methods are applied. He is a social dog, being friendly toward others as well as many other pets. Although relatively watchful, he is not an ideal guard dog. Once matured, he exudes a quiet and calm confidence. Any unprovoked, aggressive, or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.

Faults

All dogs should be in proper healthy condition, free from disease or defect. Any departure from this description is considered a fault. Unless altered, all male dogs should have two fully descended testicles.