Airedale Terrier.jpg
Breed Group Group 6: Terrier Breeds
Sub-group 6-A: Large Terriers
Origin Country England
Weight Males: 50-65 pounds. Females: 50-65 pounds.
Height Males: 23-24 inches. Females: 22-23 inches.
Other Name(s) AiRedale, Bingley Terrier, King of Terriers, Waterside Terrier
Breed Type Pure
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Airedale Terrier

Breed Group Group 6: Terrier Breeds
Sub-group 6-A: Large Terriers
Origin Country England
Weight Males: 50-65 pounds. Females: 50-65 pounds.
Height Males: 23-24 inches. Females: 22-23 inches.
Other Name(s) AiRedale, Bingley Terrier, King of Terriers, Waterside Terrier
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD

Origins

Head: Broad skull, with muzzle long and rather narrow. Eyes: Dark, lively, and small. Ears: Small, folded v-shaped ears. Nose: Black and self-colored according to coat. Bite: Scissor or level. Neck: Medium length and thick at the shoulders. Chest: Chest depth should be on level with the elbows. Body: Strong and level, with well sprung ribs. Legs: Forelegs should be straight and well muscled. Hind legs should be well bent at the stifles. Feet: Small, compact, and well cushioned. Tail: Docked, carried high. Movement: Quick, yet well balanced movements. Temperament: Fearless, loyal, and willing to please. Never fearful, shy, or exhibiting unprovoked aggression.

Breed Characteristics

Head: Somewhat dolichocephalic skull-type, moderate in size, somewhat long, and in proportion to the rest of the body. The head is clean-cut without excess skin or wrinkle, and tapers only slightly from topskull to the end of the muzzle. The skull is elongated when viewed from any direction and flat. It is somewhat broad, but appears narrow in comparison to the overall length.
Eyes: Somewhat small to moderate in size, oval to almond in shape, medium to dark brown in color, and with a bright and fiery appearance. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes.

Ears: Small to medium in size, set high on the skull and somewhat well-apart. V-shaped and dropped with good lift at the base. The fold of the ear should fall just above the level of the skull. The tips may point somewhat forward toward the eyes or down toward the cheek. The ears are never long, overly large, or broken.
Muzzle: Well-developed, appearing prominent, long, full, and broad. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight. Upper and lower jaws have good bone substance, are equal in length, strong, well-developed, never appearing snipey or weak.
Nose: The nose is well-pigmented and black. The nostrils are well-opened
Neck: Moderate length to allow for proud head carriage, strongly-muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut, without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Deep, broad, but never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows.
Body: Compact, solid, and good substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Feet: Oval to round, compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads
Tail: Set high on the croup, thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. Carried gaily in accordance to the dog’s mood and energy level. The tail should never be tucked. Tail may be left natural or docked short. Natural tails are of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. Docked tails are cut so that the tip reaches the level of the head.

Movement: The movement is free, energetic, efficient, and effortless. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the center line of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament: The Airedale Terrier has a large personality to match his large terrier size. They are intelligent, bold, confident, watchful, and what many describe as willful and somewhat arrogant. While doting on their family and people, they can become reserved or indifferent toward strangers and other dogs. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.
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Breed Standard

BREED GROUP 6: Terrier Breeds

Proportions: Square in body proportions, with length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the rump, being equal to the height at the withers. Females may be slightly longer. The body is balanced, well-put together, with sturdy substance, and good medium bone. Males should appear masculine, being more substantial in size and mass, while females should appear more feminine and slightly less substantial. Neither should lack overall type.

Head

General Appearance: Somewhat dolichocephalic skull-type, moderate in size, somewhat long, and in proportion to the rest of the body. The head is clean-cut without excess skin or wrinkle, and tapers only slightly from topskull to the end of the muzzle. The skull is elongated when viewed from any direction and flat. It is somewhat broad, but appears narrow in comparison to the overall length.
Expression: Keen, alert, watchful, inquisitive, stately, and terrier-like.
Stop: The stop is slight
Skull: The ideal muzzle-to-skull ratio is 1:1, with the topskull being equal to the muzzle. The ideal muzzle-to-skull axis is parallel.
Muzzle: Well-developed, appearing prominent, long, full, and broad. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight. Upper and lower jaws have good bone substance, are equal in length, strong, well-developed, never appearing snipey or weak.
Lips or Flews: Lips are clean and fit tightly over the teeth and jaws
Nose: The nose is well-pigmented and black. The nostrils are well-opened
Cheeks: Moderately full below the eyes, but never coarse. Cheeks are smooth, never appearing chiseled or coarse
Dentition and Bite: Forty-two strong, clean, white teeth. Bite may be level or scissor. Contact must be made between the top and bottom incisors. Missing or broken teeth as a result of routine work is not to be penalized
Eyes: Somewhat small to moderate in size, oval to almond in shape, medium to dark brown in color, and with a bright and fiery appearance. The eye rims are well-fitted and well-pigmented. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes.

Ears: Small to medium in size, set high on the skull and somewhat well-apart. V-shaped and dropped with good lift at the base. The fold of the ear should fall just above the level of the skull. The tips may point somewhat forward toward the eyes or down toward the cheek. The ears are never long, overly large, or broken.

Body and Tail

General Description: Compact, solid, and good substance. The body is never racy or refined. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Neck: Moderate length to allow for proud head carriage, strongly-muscled with a slight arch. The neck tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut, without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Long, well-sprung, well-laid-back, oval-shaped, never barrel-chested or slab-sided.
Topline: Level from slightly prominent withers to croup. The back is broad, strongly muscled, straight, yet supple. The loin is short, taut, and supportive. The topline is never swayed or roached.

Croup: Flat, strong, and level with the back.
Underline: A somewhat moderate tuck-up is present, but should not be extreme. The underline is taut and firm, without any indication of sagging or excess weight.
Tail: Set high on the croup, thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. Carried gaily in accordance to the dog’s mood and energy level. The tail should never be tucked. Tail may be left natural or docked short. Natural tails are of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down. Docked tails are cut so that the tip reaches the level of the head.

Forequarters and Hindquarters

Forequarters: Forequarters are always in balance with the hindquarters. Forequarters are well-angulated with well-laid-back shoulder blades. Shoulder blades are approximately equal in length to the upper arm and forearm.
Elbows: Elbows are close to the body. The point of the elbows is approximately half the dog’s height at the withers.
Forelegs: Frontal View: Straight, of good muscle and bone, and parallel to one another.
Side View: The forelimbs appear straight with strong pasterns.
Pasterns: Never weak or broken
Hindquarters: Upper thigh and lower thigh are equal in length, strong, sturdy, of good bone, and well-muscled.
Rear View: When viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another.
Side View: Good angulation will allow the rear toes to align with the point of the rump, or within one to two paw-lengths behind the point of the rump, with the rear pasterns remaining perpendicular to the ground and parallel to one another.
Stifle Joint: Well-angulated with a good bend to well-let-down rear pasterns
Angulations: Angulation of hindquarters is always in balance with angulation of forequarters
Feet: Oval to round, compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads

Coat

Skin: Well-fitted, yet supple. The skin should never obstruct the outline of the dog.
Coat Type: The wiry, dense, hard outer coat may be straight or with crinkled or wavy texture. It lies straight and close. The undercoat is downy-soft.

Coat Color or Pattern: Tan with black or grizzle saddle; creeping tan with black or grizzle.

Movement

The movement is free, energetic, efficient, and effortless. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the center line of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament

The Airedale Terrier has a large personality to match his large terrier size. They are intelligent, bold, confident, watchful, and what many describe as willful and somewhat arrogant. While doting on their family and people, they can become reserved or indifferent toward strangers and other dogs. Any unprovoked aggressive or fearful behavior toward people is incorrect for this breed.

Faults

All dogs should be in proper healthy condition, free from disease or defect. Any departure from this description is considered a fault. Unless altered, all male dogs should have two fully descended testicles.