Carolina Dog.jpg
Breed Group Group 1: Primitive, Pariah, and Feral Breeds
Sub-group :
Origin Country United States
Weight Males: 30-45 pounds. Females: 30-45 pounds.
Height Males: 17-20 inches. Females: 17-20 inches.
Other Name(s) Hungarian Komondor, Hungarian Sheepdog, Native American Dog, Southern Aboriginal Dog
Breed Type Pure
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Carolina Dog

Breed Group Group 1: Primitive, Pariah, and Feral Breeds
Sub-group :
Origin Country United States
Weight Males: 30-45 pounds. Females: 30-45 pounds.
Height Males: 17-20 inches. Females: 17-20 inches.
Other Name(s) Hungarian Komondor, Hungarian Sheepdog, Native American Dog, Southern Aboriginal Dog
Breed Type Pure
click here for FULL BREED STANDARD

Origins

The Caronlina Dog, also called the American Dingo, is a modern-day mystery. Semi-wild and feral dogs have roamed the swamps throughout the American southeast for centuries. It was long believed that these dogs were brought to North America with the first peoples during early migration thousands of years ago. Although a mitochondrial DNA study has found some evidence that could support those claims, more in-depth DNA studies are needed to prove the ancient land-bridge account. It is more likely that these dogs’ ancestors include those brought over with the first Spanish, English, and French explorers, which at some point became feral, or hybridized with feral dogs of the time.

Breed Characteristics

Head: Mesaticephalic skull type, moderate in size, and bluntly wedge-shaped. Always in proportion to the rest of the body. The cranium and forehead is moderately broad. A distinct median furrow is evident, starting at the stop and running up the center of the topskull toward the occiput. In profile, the forehead is slightly arched, tapering toward the eyes. The muscle is strong and somewhat prominent in the temporalis and masseter areas. The occiput is prominent,as well. The head is clean-cut and dry, having no excess skin, looseness, or wrinkle.
Eyes: Moderate in size, almond shaped, obliquely set, with slightly upturned outer corners, and medium to dark brown colors being preferable, but amber also appearing in the breed. The eye rims are well fitted and well pigmented black. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes. Any signs of entropion or ectropion are incorrect for this breed.
Ears: Moderate in size, triangular in shape (preference given to equilateral triangle shape), thick, and set neither high nor low on the skull. They may be firmly erect and pricked (preferred), semi-erect, or drop (least desirable), with rounded tips, and may be tilted slightly forward. When alert, they will be drawn up to the 11 and 1 o’clock position. They should be well lined with fur. The ears are never long, overly large, or broken. Correctly positioned and carried ears may not be achieved until as late as eight months of age. The ears are highly mobile, capable of being moved simultaneously or separately.
Muzzle: The muzzle is sufficiently full to prevent a snipy appearance, yet never bulky. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight. Upper and lower jaws are well developed, approximately equal in length, and have good bone substance, never appearing snipy or weak. From the front, the muzzle appears conical, tapering smoothly toward the end of the nose.
Nose: The nose is well pigmented and black, black noses that fade to pink are permissible. The nostrils are well opened.
Neck: Moderate length allows for good head carriage. The neck is strongly muscled with a slight arch. It tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut and without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Sufficiently broad and deep to allow for ample heart and lung capacity, but without adding bulk, and never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows, or just before, especially in the Northern type. The forechest is fairly well developed.
Body: Sturdy and of good substance, but capable of long enduring travel over rugged terrain. The body lacks extremes in size and proportions, never being heavy and cloddy, nor racy or refined, but as close to a naturally produced body as possible, and capable of strength, speed, endurance, and surviving the elements. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Feet: Oval to round and compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads. Toes on the front paws may orient outward just slightly.
Tail: Set neigher high or low on the croup, but as a natural extension to the topline. It is thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. The tail is carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level; it is naturally relaxed in a characteristic “fish hook” manner. It is usually at a 45-degree angle. When moving or out when hunting, it is carried in a more pump-handle fashion. The tail may also be carried straight or sabred. The tail is of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down.
Movement: Movement is powerful, steady, confident, effortless, efficient, and energetic. The head lowers as speed increases during the hunt. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.
Temperament: Like the Australian Dingo, the Carolina Dog exists in a unique place in the world, being nether fully domesticated nor fully wild. Although easily tamed, these dogs remain reserved and aloof of people and animals outside of their family or pack unit, despite extensive socialization efforts from early on. Those that do live as human companions are said to be sensitive, shy, aloof, and highly instinctual, which translates to stubbornness when it comes to obedience training. They can exhibit high bouts of prey-drive and a high desire to chase and kill other animals. Any unprovoked aggression is incorrect for this breed.
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Breed Standard

BREED GROUP 1: Primitive, Pariah, and Feral Breeds

Proportions: Slightly off-square to almost square, with length of the body, measured from the point of the forechest to the point of the rump, being equal to to just slightly greater than the height at the withers. Females may be slightly longer. The body is well put together, with sturdy substance and medium bone.

Head

General Appearance: Mesaticephalic skull type, moderate in size, and bluntly wedge-shaped. Always in proportion to the rest of the body. The cranium and forehead is moderately broad. A distinct median furrow is evident, starting at the stop and running up the center of the topskull toward the occiput. In profile, the forehead is slightly arched, tapering toward the eyes. The muscle is strong and somewhat prominent in the temporalis and masseter areas. The occiput is prominent,as well. The head is clean-cut and dry, having no excess skin, looseness, or wrinkle.
Expression: Sharp, self-composed, inquisitive, watchful, intense, and confident.
Stop: The stop is moderate, but never abrupt.
Skull: The ideal muzzle-to-skull ratio is 1:1, with the topskull being equal to the muzzle.
The ideal muzzle-to-skull axis is parallel.
Muzzle: The muzzle is sufficiently full to prevent a snipy appearance, yet never bulky. The plane, or bridge of the muzzle, is straight. Upper and lower jaws are well developed, approximately equal in length, and have good bone substance, never appearing snipy or weak. From the front, the muzzle appears conical, tapering smoothly toward the end of the nose.
Lips or Flews: Lips are clean, with upper lip fitting tightly just over the lower lip, covering the teeth and jaws. The lips are never pendulous or loose. They should be well pigmented. The inside of the mouth, including the tongue, may be pink, blueish-black, purple, spotted, or fully black.
Nose: The nose is well pigmented and black, black noses that fade to pink are permissible. The nostrils are well opened.
Cheeks: The cheeks are full and well developed. They should never appear chiseled or coarse.
Dentition and Bite: Forty-two strong, clean, white teeth preferred. Bite may be level or scissor. Contact must be made between the top and bottom incisors. Missing or broken teeth as a result of routine work is not to be penalized. The roof of the mouth is darkly pigmented, ranging from brown-pink to almost black. The tongue is pink.
Eyes: Moderate in size, almond shaped, obliquely set, with slightly upturned outer corners, and medium to dark brown colors being preferable, but amber also appearing in the breed. The eye rims are well fitted and well pigmented black. The eyes are never bulging. There should be sufficient bone in the surrounding orbital sockets to protect the eyes. Any signs of entropion or ectropion are incorrect for this breed.
Ears: Moderate in size, triangular in shape (preference given to equilateral triangle shape), thick, and set neither high nor low on the skull. They may be firmly erect and pricked (preferred), semi-erect, or drop (least desirable), with rounded tips, and may be tilted slightly forward. When alert, they will be drawn up to the 11 and 1 o’clock position. They should be well lined with fur. The ears are never long, overly large, or broken. Correctly positioned and carried ears may not be achieved until as late as eight months of age. The ears are highly mobile, capable of being moved simultaneously or separately.

Body and Tail

General Description: Sturdy and of good substance, but capable of long enduring travel over rugged terrain. The body lacks extremes in size and proportions, never being heavy and cloddy, nor racy or refined, but as close to a naturally produced body as possible, and capable of strength, speed, endurance, and surviving the elements. Width at forequarters is approximately equal to the width at the hindquarters.
Neck: Moderate length allows for good head carriage. The neck is strongly muscled with a slight arch. It tapers smoothly from the deeper and broader body toward the head. The neck is clean-cut and without excess skin, throatiness, or dewlap.
Chest: Sufficiently broad and deep to allow for ample heart and lung capacity, but without adding bulk, and never wider than deep. The brisket extends to the point of the elbows, or just before, especially in the Northern type. The forechest is fairly well developed.
Topline: Straight and level from well-developed withers to croup. The back is broad, long, strongly muscled, and straight, yet supple. The loin is taut and may be straight or slightly arched, yet supportive. The back is never swayed or roached.
Croup: Broad, powerfully muscled, and gently sloping.
Underline: Moderate tuck-up present. The underline is taut and firm, without any indication of sagging or excess weight.
Ribs: Long, well-sprung, well-laid-back, and oval-shaped, never barrel-chested or slab-sided.
Tail: Set neigher high or low on the croup, but as a natural extension to the topline. It is thick at the base and tapering toward the tip. The tail is carried in accordance with the dog’s mood and energy level; it is naturally relaxed in a characteristic “fish hook” manner. It is usually at a 45-degree angle. When moving or out when hunting, it is carried in a more pump-handle fashion. The tail may also be carried straight or sabred. The tail is of a medium length, with the tip of the last vertebrae extending to the hock joints when held down.

Forequarters and Hindquarters

Forequarters: Forequarters are always in balance with the hindquarters. Forequarters are moderately well angulated with well-laid-back shoulder blades. Shoulder blades are fairly long and approximately equal in length to the upper arm and forearm.
Elbows: Elbows are close to the body. The point of the elbows is approximately half the dog’s height at the withers.
Forelegs: Frontal View: Straight, of good muscle, of moderate bone, and parallel to one another.
Side View: The forelimbs appear straight with strong pasterns.
Pasterns: Never weak or broken.
Hindquarters: Upper thigh and lower thigh are equal in length, strong, sturdy, of moderate bone, and well-muscled.
Rear View: When viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another.
Side View: Good angulation will allow the rear toes to align with the point of the rump or within one to two paw-lengths behind the point of the rump, with the rear pasterns remaining perpendicular to the ground and parallel to one another.
Stifle Joint: Well-angulated with a good bend to well-let-down rear pasterns.
Angulations: Angulation of hindquarters is always in balance with angulation of forequarters.
Feet: Oval to round and compact, with well-arched toes and tough pads. Toes on the front paws may orient outward just slightly.

Coat

Skin: Well-fitted, yet supple. The skin should never obstruct the outline of the dog.
Coat Type: Straight, harsh, weather-resistant outer coat with stand-offish guard hairs. Short, close, and even on lower and front portions of the legs, ears, and face. Soft, thick, supportive undercoat.
Coat Color or Pattern: White, various shades of cream, yellow, ginger, red, tan, fawn with black mask, black, black with tan markings, or all with or without white markings. Piebalds in any permissible color.

Movement

Movement is powerful, steady, confident, effortless, efficient, and energetic. The head lowers as speed increases during the hunt. The characteristics of healthy structure are evident: when moving away, the forelegs and rear pasterns should remain parallel to one another. When viewing movement from the front, the forelegs should remain parallel, with elbows and paws moving neither in nor out. From the rear, the back pads should be visible when the rear legs are extended. As speed increases, the forelimbs and hindlimbs will converge to the centerline of gravity. From the side, the topline should remain firm and level. Good reach of movement in the front allows the forepaw to extend out in a line with the nose. The width between the forefeet when extended should be approximately equal to the width between the hindfeet when extended, indicating balance, good reach, and good drive. Dogs that exhibit any sign of breathing or locomotive difficulty shall be disqualified from the show ring.

Temperament

Like the Australian Dingo, the Carolina Dog exists in a unique place in the world, being nether fully domesticated nor fully wild. Although easily tamed, these dogs remain reserved and aloof of people and animals outside of their family or pack unit, despite extensive socialization efforts from early on. Those that do live as human companions are said to be sensitive, shy, aloof, and highly instinctual, which translates to stubbornness when it comes to obedience training. They can exhibit high bouts of prey-drive and a high desire to chase and kill other animals. Any unprovoked aggression is incorrect for this breed.

Faults

All dogs should be in proper healthy condition, free from disease or defect. Any departure from this description is considered a fault. Unless altered, all male dogs should have two fully descended testicles.